Writing in English

Written English

Writing can be divided into three categories; Introduction, Body and Conclusion.

  1. Introduction – writing what you will be writing about.
  2. Body – This is what you are writing about.
  3. Conclusion – This refers back to the body, it is what you have written about.

An easy way to remember that is:

  1. Say what you are planning to say.
  2. Say it.
  3. Say what you have said.

Simple to remember.

Introduction – For Letters and Emails – Dear First and Last Name

Introduce the reader to what the letter or essay is going to be about. Contain the purpose for writing. It should interest the reader so that he wants to read further.

Body – One or two of the following, a review of the topic from an article or newspaper or history, a short and to the point story, a statement or a fact or declaration that will surprise the reader. Put a line between paragraphs.

Conclusion – Some sort of generalization regarding the body of the letter, some sort of call to action and a gracious thank you.

The final step is checking and correcting.

Check and correct immediately after writing making certain that all the important points that are necessary are included.

Check and correct later. Depending on how much time is available, it is a good idea to leave the work and do something else then come back and check and correct. Sometimes the incorrect way to do something sticks in our heads and we don’t notice the errors immediately after writing. Re read when you are feeling fresh and alert.

Errors in Writing

The typographical error, informally referred to as a “typo” refers to errors in writing of the mechanical nature, not errors due to lack of knowledge. A simple example of this may be spelling “and” as “adn”. Simple mistakes to correct, but we all make these mistakes sometimes.

Errors due to earlier corrections. Sometimes we make mistakes when we correct a section of a poorly written sentence. The section we have corrected may be improved but it may not fit with the rest of the sentence or with the previous or following sentence. These are usually simple mistakes to notice and correct when rereading.

Countable vs Non-Countable Nouns. Be careful not to mistake a countable noun for a non-countable noun or a non-countable for a countable noun. This can lead to a variety of errors.  To Countable and Non-countable nouns

Non-Countable Nouns. Some non-countable nouns ending with an “s” are treated as singular nouns and some non-countable nouns ending with an “s” are treated as plural nouns.  To Non-countable nouns ending in “s”

Tag Questions. Tag questions consist of tags (question segments) placed at the end of a statement. To Tag Questions Explained

Plurals. Most nouns are changed from singular to plural simply by adding an s, however some words require an “es” to be added, some require “ies” to be added, some words ending in ‘f’ are pluralized by adding an “s” and some remove the “f’ and add “ves”, some change the word and some are the same in the singular and the plural.  To Plurals Explained

That vs Which. Although similar they do not have the same meaning. “That” is used in restrictive clauses but “which” is used in non-restrictive clauses. To That vs Which Explained