Pronouns

Pronouns

A pronoun is a word that refers to, or replaces a noun and can be divided into the following categories:

  1. Personal Pronouns (subjective)I, you, he/she/it, we, they – I like to play baseball.
  2. Personal Pronouns (objective)Me, you, him/her/it, us, them – Maria gave her address to me.
  3. Possessive Pronouns (subjective)my, your, his/her/its, our, their  – Your car is blocking my driveway.
  4. Possessive Pronouns (objective)mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs – That coat is mine.
  5. Reflexive Pronounsmyself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, themselves – Thank you for the offer, but I can finish by myself.
  6. Reciprocal Pronouns – refer to two people – each other, one another – We could help each other study for the exam.
  7. Indefinate Pronounsall, any, anybody, anyone, both, each, either, every, enough, etc., – Anybody can play this game.
  8. Relative Pronouns  – which, who, whom, whomever, whose, and that. – I was the person who called you this morning.
  9. Interrogative Pronounswhat, which, who, whom, whose.- Whose coat is on the chair?

A pronoun can be the subject of a sentence. The subject does the action of the verb.

When the pronoun is the subject, we use the following words. 

In the Singular we use: I, you, he/she/it, – I hit the ball.

In the Plural we use: we, you, they. – We hit the ball.

or

A pronoun can act as the object. The object recieves the action of the verb.

When a pronoun is the object, we use the following words.

In the Singular we use: me, you, him/her/it – The ball hit me.

In the Plural we use: us, you, them – The ball hit us.

Consider the following sentence:

Jane threw the ball to Bill. (Jane is the subject so we use “she“), (ball is the direct object so we use “it“), Bill is the indirect object so we use “him“)

Using pronouns, changes the sentence from, Jane threw the ball to Bill” to “She threw it to him”

Number and GenderSubject PronounsObject PronounsPossessive AdjectivesPossessive PronounsReflexive Pronouns
UsageUse when pronoun is the subject. "Does the action"Use when pronoun is the object. "Receives the action" Used to show ownership.Can be used as subject or object.Used to illustrate that something was done alone or within a group.
1st Person (singular)IMeMyMineMyself
2nd Person (singular)YouYouYourYoursYourself
3rd Person (singular)
Male
HeHimHisHisHimself
3rd Person (singular)
Female
SheHerHerHersHerself
3rd Person (singular)
Neutral
ItItIts(not used)Itself
1st Person (plural)WeUsOurOursOurselves
2nd Person (plural)YouYouYourYoursYourselves
3rd Person (plural)TheyThemTheirTheirsThemselves

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