Present Simple

The Simple Present Tense

We use the Simple Present tense to describe actions that are general statements of facts, usual activities or daily habits. These are situations that always exist, in the past, in the present, and in the future.

Form. We form the simple present in regular verbs using the bare infinitive (the infinitive without the “to”), with I, you, we, and they. In the 3rd person singular, we add an “s”.

The following words are often used in this tense: always, every day, never, often, rarely, seldom, sometimes, usually.

Positive Statement

SubjectMain VerbObjectwherewhenhowwhy
Iworkevery day.
Youtakea busto work.
My catdrinksmilk.
Wesleepall night.
Dogsbark atstrangers.

When asking a question in the simple present tense use the verb “to do” as the auxiliary verb in the present tense in the correct person (do vs. does).

"W" Question WordAuxiliary VerbSubjectMain VerbObjectwherewhenhowwhy
Wheredoyougoafter work?
Dopeople (they)answerthe phoneat the officeafter 5 o'clock?

Negative Statement

SubjectAuxiliary Verb (to do)*not* + Main VerbObjectwherewhenhowwhy
Idonot sleepwell.
Youdonot workevery day.
Amidoesnot likecarrots.
Wedonot hitchhikebecause it is dangerous.
Our neighboursdonot havea quiet dog.

To English Tenses