Future Simple

Future Simple Tense

 

 

 

 

The simple future tense refers to a specific time in the future, although the specific time may not be mentioned.

There are two forms of the simple future tense: We can use will or be going to. “Will” describes a voluntary action or a promise, whereas “be going to” usually expresses a plan. Either can be used to express a prediction.

Form 1. When “will + main verb” is used, both remain the same for all genders, and for both singular and plural.

Positive Statement

SubjectAuxiliary Verb (will)Main Verb (bare infinitive)Objectwherewhenhowwhy
Iwillhavecoffee and apple pie.
Youwillhavecoffee and apple pie.
Amywillhavecoffee and apple pie.
Wewillhavecoffee and apple pie.
Nelson and Diegowillhavecoffee and apple pie.

Question

"W" Question WordAuxiliary Verb (will)Subject Main Verb (bare infinitive)Objectwherewhenhowwhy
WherewillIhavecoffee and apple pie?
Will youhavecoffee and apple pie?
WillHectorhavecoffee and apple pie?
WhenwillLucy, Jackie, and Juliehavecoffee and apple pieat the restaurant?

Negative Statement

SubjectAuxiliary Verb (will)"not" + Main Verb (bare infinitive)Objectwherewhenhowwhy
Iwillnot havecoffee and apple pie.
Youwillnot havecoffee and apple pie.
Amywillnot havecoffee and apple pie.
Wewillnot havecoffee and apple pie.
Nelson and Diegowillnot havecoffee and apple pie.

Form.2 When “be going to” is used, it is necessary to use proper form of the verb “to be” in the present tense: I am, you are, he/she/it is, we are, they are.

Positive Statement

SubjectAuxiliary (be + going to)Main Verb (bare infinitive)Objectwherewhenhowwhy
Iam going tofixthe washing machinetomorrow.
Youare going to fixthe washing machinetomorrow.
Tonyis going to fixthe washing machinetomorrow.
Weare going to fixthe washing machinetomorrow.
Theyare going to fixthe washing machinetomorrow.

Question

"W" Question WordAuxiliary Verb (be + going to)SubjectMain Verb (bare infinitive)Objectwherewhenhowwhy
WhyamIgoing to fixthe washing machinetomorrow?
Areyougoing to fixthe washing machinetomorrow?
IsTonygoing to fixthe washing machinetomorrow?
Arewe going to fixthe washing machinetomorrow?
Why arepeople (they)going to fixthe washing machinetomorrow?

Negative Statement

SubjectAuxiliary Verb (be + not + going to)Main Verb (bare infinitive)Objectwherewhenhowwhy
Iam not going to fixthe washing machineat Shan's condominiumtomorrow.
Youare not going tofixthe washing machineat Shan's condominiumtomorrow.
Tonyis not going to fixthe washing machineat Shan's condominiumtomorrow.
Weare not going tofixthe washing machineat Shan's condominiumtomorrow.
Theyare not going tofixthe washing machineat Shan's condominiumtomorrow.

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