Vocabulary: Advanced English

The following advanced English vocabulary will prove useful in your day-to-day speech or in your reading.

1. Adamant (adjective) – inflexible, unyielding, refuses to change one’s mind. If you are adamant regarding the method you use to do your work, you had better be right.

2. Anarchy (noun) – a society with an absence of law, order and government. Anarchy has no place here, I am the boss and you are the employee, and what I say is law.

3. Anarchist (noun) – one who believes in anarchy, a terrorist. Three anarchists were arrested for planning to destroy a government building.

4. Anecdote (noun) – a short interesting story about a real-life situation. I have an anecdote for you regarding a previous employee.

5. Assiduous (adjective) – describing someone who exerts a great deal of effort to accomplish something. We would like our employees to be assiduous workers.

6. Atrocious (adjective) – very bad or offensive. Your work is atrocious, if it doesn’t improve you will soon be looking for a new job.

7. Atrocity (noun) – an extremely evil action. It is not uncommon to read about numerous atrocities involving Pol Pot’s regime in Cambodia.

8. Bellicose (adjective) quarrelsome or warlike actions. Tom’s bellicose attitude made it difficult for him to make friends.

9. Bombastic (adjective) – Highly exaggerated speech. I consider him to be bombastic because he is constantly making huge claims regarding his abilities, with little or no facts to back himself up.

10. Catalyst (noun) – a person or a thing that is the prime cause for the change in something. Betty was a catalyst in our settling our differences and becoming friends again.

11. Conflate (verb) – combine multiple issues into one. It becomes difficult to find a solution if you continue to conflate the issues.

12. Culminate (verb) – conclude with or reach a climax. The continuous arguments with my boss culminated in my being fired.

13. Demagogue (noun) – someone, especially in politics, who gains support by appealing to emotions rather than good or morally right ideas. With a demagogue as leader, Germany invaded Poland beginning the 2nd World War.

14. Destiny (noun) – events that will necessarily happen in the future. It was destiny that you, born in China, and I born in Canada, should meet.

15. Dystopia (noun) – an imagined place where everything that happens is bad, totalitarian. Is the world headed for utopia or dystopia?

16. Emancipate (verb) – to free. Lincoln’s goal was to emancipate all slaves.

17. Entitlement (noun) – A belief that one has a right to demand special treatment. Unlike her co-workers, Maria insists she deserves a private office, however, her employer thinks otherwise and believes that she has an issue with entitlement.

18. Euphemism (noun) – a mild word or phrase used to replace a much harsher word or phrase. Many people live poverty, let me please rephrase that: Many people live in an economically disadvantaged situation.

19. Exemplify (verb used with an object) – illustrate by example. Your conduct, when at work, exemplifies your attitude towards this company.

20. Exhort (verb) – strongly urge. I would exhort you to take your work seriously and do the best you can always.

21. Exorbitant (adjective) – being highly excessive, exceeding a reasonable amount. Don’t shop at that store, their prices are exorbitant.

22. Facet (noun) – an aspect or viewpoint of a subject. I was surprised to hear that he was being so rude. I had never been exposed to that facet of his personality.

23. Forbid, forbade (verb) – to not allow someone to do something. Forbade is the past of forbid. The theatre forbids filming the performance.

24. Frisson (noun) – an intense emotion that comes on suddenly. (a frisson of excitement (or joy or fear etc.). I felt a frisson of nervousness as I prepared to speak before a new client.

25. Misapprehension (noun) – a misunderstanding. I certainly hope that no one has any misapprehensions regarding the level of work I expect.

26. Hubris (noun) – excessive pride. After making a mistake, it was hubris that prevented him from apologizing.

27. Implicate (verb used with an object) – to show a person being involved in a crime. I haven’t seen any evidence to implicate anyone here in the theft of our equipment.

28. Impose (verb) – to cause something to occur by force. It is unwise for someone to impose their beliefs on others.

29. Impunity (noun) – to be exempted from punishment or loss. He acted with impunity due to his political power.

30. Infiltrate (verb) – to become established in certain positions for subversive purposes. As the leader of his country, he was concerned that his policy makers had been infiltrated by the opposition party.

31. Intransigent (noun or adjective) a refusal to abandon what is considered an extreme position. His intransigent attitude makes it difficult for others to reach a compromising position with him.

32. Pariah (noun) – one who is despised. Most people consider him a pariah due to all the deaths that he had a hand in.

33. Perpetual (adjective) – to continue forever. I have tried without success to create a perpetual motion machine.

34. Pious (adjective) – religious, special adherence to God. Everyone who knows him, considers him to be a righteous pious man.

35. Quixotic (adjective) – foolish pursuit of ideals, especially when referring to romantic actions. I don’t need to become quixotic in order to propose to her.