Intonation / Parts of Speech

Intonation

Intonation is the rising and falling of the pitch of the voice.

Falling Intonation

When we make a statement, our voice drops at the end of the sentence.

                     ↘

My name is Bob.

                                              ↘

I’m going out for dinner tonight.

                     

We love to travel.

We also use falling intonation when asking a question that cannot be answered with yes/no (the “w” questions). Those are the questions that ask; who, what, where, why, when or how. Notice that these words cannot be answered with a simple yes or no answer.

                                                                         ↘

Who is that woman standing next to your wife?

                                                ↘

What are you doing this afternoon?

                                                         ↘

Where are you going on your holidays?

Rising Intonation

We use rising intonation when asking questions that can be answered by yes or no.

                              ↗

Are you happy today?

                                                              ↗

Are you going to the movies this weekend?

                                                 ↗

Is your father feeling better now?

Rising and Falling Intonation

We use rising intonation when describing a list of things, but the final item in the list receives falling intonation.

                                           ↗                 ↗                             ↘

My favourite foods are hot dogs, hamburgers, and French fries.

                            ↗                            ↗                            ↗                            ↗                            ↘

This morning I woke up, took a shower, brushed my teeth, got dressed, then went to work.

 

Learn Word Classes, often referred to as “Parts of Speech”, it will help you in the future.

Parts of Speech